Publication year: 2011Source: Energy Policy, In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 21 January 2011Miguel, Esteban , David, Leary , Qi, Zhang , Agya, Utama , Tetsuo, Tezuka , ...For the case of the UK there are currently three ways of obtaining energy from sea areas, namely from wind, tides and waves. A methodology was developed to determine the future size of the offshore renewable industry based on the concept of employment factor, or the number of people required to maintain each unit of electricity production. An assessment was made of the decline in the number of people employed in oil related jobs in the North Sea and the gap that this could create in the UK's economy unless this pool of offshore expertise could find an alternative employment... Research highlights: ► There are three possible sources of energy from sea areas in the UK: wind, tide and waves. ► As the number of jobs in the offshore oil industry reduces they should be compensated with jobs in the renewable offshore sector. ► By 2050 the UK offshore renewable industry could produce between 127 and 146TWh of electricity. ► This would represent around 57-66% of the current energy consumption in the UK.