An exploratory study of the relationship between parental attitudes and behaviour and young people's consumption of alcohol

Background:
Concern is growing regarding frequent and excessive misuse of alcohol by young people. The average age at which young people in Europe start to drink is twelve and a half, and during the last decade, the quantity of alcohol consumed by younger adolescents in the UK has increased. Families are known to play an important role in shaping young people's alcohol misuse, although family risk and protective factors associated with misuse in a UK context are in need of further investigation.
Methods:
The study used a cross-sectional design, involving secondary analyses of self-completion questionnaire responses from 6,628 secondary school children (i.e. aged 11-16 years), from 12 schools within an urban location in Wales. Items relating to family functioning and perceived parental attitudes were first subjected to factor analysis. Associations of family closeness and conflict, parental monitoring and attitudes and family history of substance misuse with children's self reported alcohol consumption were examined using logistic regression analyses.
Results:
Approximately three quarters of respondents reported having tried alcohol, most of whom had first tried alcohol aged 12 or under. Parental monitoring and family closeness were positively correlated with one another and were both associated with significantly lower levels of drinking behaviours. Family violence and conflict, more liberal parental attitudes towards substance use and towards alcohol and petty crime, and family history of substance misuse were positively correlated with one another and with higher levels of drinking behaviours. Parental monitoring was identified as the family functioning factor most consistently associated with drinking behaviour in multivariate analyses.
Conclusions:
Significant relationships were found between young people's drinking behaviours and perceptions of risk and protective factors in the family environment. Parental monitoring was strongly associated with family closeness and appeared to form one part of a parenting style of more general communication and regulation of children's behaviour. Findings support the need for alcohol misuse prevention interventions which address risk and protective factors within the family setting. Timing of such prevention work should be related both to the development of family relationships and the age at which young people begin drinking alcohol.


More on Sciencestage.com

    More on Wikipedia

      Related Videos

      • The Returning
        The Returning In the year 5008 an exploratory mission to the abandoned planet Earth results in a fight for survival when one member of the expedition begins exhibiting str... From: TOMatoTerrace Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 07:44 More in Entertainment
      • 2014 Nissan BladeGlider Concept - 2013 Tokyo Motor Show
        2014 Nissan BladeGlider Concept - 2013 Tokyo Motor Show The Tokyo Motor Show is host to more than its share of unusual concept vehicles and one of the most intriguing has got to be Nissan BladeGlider. . Tokyo Moto... From: Broussard White Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 01:50 More in Film & Animation
      • Scott Brown announces exploratory committee for N.H. State
        Scott Brown announces exploratory committee for N.H. State Former Sen. Scott Brown (R-Mass.) announced Friday he has formed an exploratory committee for another Senate run, this time in the state of New Hampshire. I'... From: Local News USA Views: 2 0 ratings Time: 08:47 More in News & Politics
      • Scott Brown Announces Run for U.S. Senate in N.H
        Scott Brown Announces Run for U.S. Senate in N.H Former Massachusetts Senator Scott Brown officially announced Thursday that he will run for the United States Senate in New Hampshire. (April 10) TEST | 3rd ... From: worldnewsstoday Views: 45 0 ratings Time: 00:56 More in News & Politics
      • Scott Brown Announces Run for U.S. Senate in N.H | 3rd best version | EXTENDED AP TEST
        Scott Brown Announces Run for U.S. Senate in N.H | 3rd best version | EXTENDED AP TEST Former Massachusetts Senator Scott Brown officially announced Thursday that he will run for the United States Senate in New Hampshire. (April 10) TEST | 3rd ... From: UltimateNews© Views: 27 0 ratings Time: 00:56 More in News & Politics
      • Venezuela Opposition To Join Exploratory Talks With Government
        Venezuela Opposition To Join Exploratory Talks With Government Venezuela's opposition said it agreed to attend exploratory talks on Tuesday with President Nicolas Maduro's government in a bid to end the country's worst p... From: Newsloop Top News Views: 3 0 ratings Time: 00:45 More in News & Politics
      • Venezuela Opposition To Join Exploratory Talks With Government
        Venezuela Opposition To Join Exploratory Talks With Government Venezuela's opposition said it agreed to attend exploratory talks on Tuesday with President Nicolas Maduro's government in a bid to end the country's worst p... From: WochitGeneralNews Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:43 More in News & Politics
      • A special Tumblr site for Lawren Harris: Canadian Visionary - Vancouver Art Gallery
        A special Tumblr site for Lawren Harris: Canadian Visionary - Vancouver Art Gallery http://harrisdrawings.tumblr.com/about Lawren Harris looked to drawing as an exploratory exercise that was central to his practice. The majority of the artis... From: VanArtGallery Views: 33 1 ratings Time: 01:45 More in Education
      • The Alaska Oil Pipeline (Amazing History Documentary)
        The Alaska Oil Pipeline (Amazing History Documentary) The Alaska Oil Pipeline (Amazing History Documentary In the early weeks of 1968, after a decade-long search for oil in Alaska's frozen wilderness, gas burst ... From: History Earth Views: 469 5 ratings Time: 55:26 More in People & Blogs
      • Standardized Testing: An Exploratory Debate
        Standardized Testing: An Exploratory Debate In this video I debate with a colleague about standardized testing. I strongly disagree with standardized testing as a measure of students or teachers. My go... From: Eric McClendon Views: 26 1 ratings Time: 15:02 More in People & Blogs
      • GestKeyboard: Enabling Gesture-Based Interaction on Ordinary Physical Keyboard
        GestKeyboard: Enabling Gesture-Based Interaction on Ordinary Physical Keyboard Full Title: GestKeyboard: Enabling Gesture-Based Interaction on Ordinary Physical Keyboard Authors: Haimo Zhang, Yang Li Abstract: Stroke gestures are intuit... From: TheOfficialACM Views: 5 0 ratings Time: 00:30 More in Science & Technology
      • Hooked on Smartphones: An Exploratory Study on Smartphone Overuse among College Students
        Hooked on Smartphones: An Exploratory Study on Smartphone Overuse among College Students Full Title: Hooked on Smartphones: An Exploratory Study on Smartphone Overuse among College Students Authors: Uichin Lee, Joonwon Lee, Minsam Ko, Changhun Le... From: TheOfficialACM Views: 8 0 ratings Time: 00:31 More in Science & Technology
      • AfrEA 2014: What is emerging and working (Donor & Market related strand)
        AfrEA 2014: What is emerging and working (Donor & Market related strand) Advocating equity focus in evaluation - an exploratory analysis in the context of Multi-lateral Development Banks (MDB). - Mukkavilli, S. From: Matt Galen Views: 11 0 ratings Time: 10:39 More in Science & Technology
      • Scott Brown announces exploratory committee for N.H. State
        Scott Brown announces exploratory committee for N.H. State Former Sen. Scott Brown (R-Mass.) announced Friday he has formed an exploratory committee for another Senate run, this time in the state of New Hampshire. "I... From: NewNews Views: 24 0 ratings Time: 08:47 More in People & Blogs
      • Scott Brown at the Pink Cadillac Diner in Rochester
        Scott Brown at the Pink Cadillac Diner in Rochester Former Massachusetts Senator Scott Brown stopped to talk with patrons at the Pink Cadillac Diner in Rochester as part of a listening tour Saturday. On Friday... From: fosters08 Views: 579 5 ratings Time: 05:06 More in Comedy
      • Brown may launch New Hampshire Senate bid
        Brown may launch New Hampshire Senate bid Former Sen. Scott Brown announced he created an exploratory committee for a possible Senate run in New Hampshire. From: WCVB Channel 5 Boston Views: 99 0 ratings Time: 02:19 More in News & Politics
      • Brown creates exploratory committee for NH Senate run
        Brown creates exploratory committee for NH Senate run Former Sen. Scott Brown announced Friday he has created an exploratory committee for a run for U.S. Senate in New Hampshire. From: WCVB Channel 5 Boston Views: 106 1 ratings Time: 02:15 More in News & Politics
      • Scott BrownScott Brown creates exploratory committee for Senate run
        Scott BrownScott Brown creates exploratory committee for Senate run Former Sen. Scott Brown announced he has created an exploratory committee for a run for U.S. Senate in New Hampshire. From: WCVB Channel 5 Boston Views: 45 0 ratings Time: 00:40 More in News & Politics
      • Brown to form exploratory committee
        Brown to form exploratory committee After a year of flirting with the idea of a Senate run in New Hampshire, former Massachusetts Sen. Scott Brown could be taking a step toward commitment by fo... From: WMUR-TV Views: 9 0 ratings Time: 01:34 More in News & Politics
      • Scott Brown to form exploratory committee
        Scott Brown to form exploratory committee After a year of flirting with the idea of a Senate run in New Hampshire, former Massachusetts Sen. Scott Brown could be taking a step toward commitment by fo... From: WMUR-TV Views: 20 0 ratings Time: 02:26 More in News & Politics
      • Exploratory Testing Example: Spotify Offline
        Exploratory Testing Example: Spotify Offline This is an example of an exploratory testing session. No tools, just variations on Offline theme. No complete testing, but interesting things found. Subtitle... From: Rikard Edgren Views: 26 0 ratings Time: 23:11 More in Science & Technology
      • ► Nissan BladeGlider concept unveiled
        ► Nissan BladeGlider concept unveiled Follow me for new videos The bladeglider concept offers drivers and passengers a new sense of glider-like driving pleasure, evoking exhilaration through its ... From: Hülya Delic Views: 9 0 ratings Time: 01:17 More in Autos & Vehicles
      • An Exploratory look at the term family
        An Exploratory look at the term family From: Bethany Smith Views: 36 2 ratings Time: 05:01 More in People & Blogs
      • Mind pool: encouraging self-reflection through ambiguous bio-feedback
        Mind pool: encouraging self-reflection through ambiguous bio-feedback Full Title: Mind pool: encouraging self-reflection through ambiguous bio-feedback Authors: Kiel Long, John Vines Abstract: In this interactivity we present M... From: TheOfficialACM Views: 100 0 ratings Time: 00:31 More in Science & Technology
      • GestKeyboard: Enabling Gesture-Based Interaction on Ordinary Physical Keyboard
        GestKeyboard: Enabling Gesture-Based Interaction on Ordinary Physical Keyboard Stroke gestures are intuitive and efficient but often require gesture-capable input hardware such as a touchscreen. In this paper, we present GestKeyboard, a... From: Yang Li Views: 154 0 ratings Time: 05:43 More in Science & Technology

      More on answers.yahoo.com

      More on Pubmed

      More on Answers.com