Publication year: 2011Source: Energy Policy, In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 8 June 2011Mingfa, Yao , Haifeng, Liu , Xuan, FengReducing CO2 emissions from vehicles in China is crucial and will significantly alleviate the environmental burden of the Earth. Some promising technologies that make possible low-carbon vehicles are reviewed in this work, including electric vehicles, fuel cell vehicles, hybrid vehicles, biofuels vehicles, other alternative fuel vehicles, and conventional internal combustion engine vehicles with improvement. In the short term, expanding the use of mature technologies in conventional gasoline or diesel vehicles is the most realistic, effective, and timely solution for China to meeting the urgent challenges of energy saving and greenhouse gas reduction; while in the long run biofuel is a... Highlights: ► Reducing CO2 emissions and saving energy from vehicles in China is crucial. ► Low-carbon depends on technology breakthrough, public awareness, and government guidance. ► Use of mature technologies in ICEVs is the most realistic solution for China. ► Biofuels are the key to realize neutral carbon emission in the long run.