Publication year: 2011Source: Energy Policy, In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 1 April 2011Yunshi, Wang , Jacob, Teter , Daniel, SperlingChina’s vehicle population is widely forecasted to grow 6–11% per year into the foreseeable future. Barring aggressive policy intervention or a collapse of the Chinese economy, we suggest that those forecasts are conservative. We analyze the historical vehicle growth patterns of seven of the largest vehicle producing countries at comparable times in their motorization history. We estimate vehicle growth rates for this analogous group of countries to have 13–17% per year—roughly twice the rate forecasted for China by others. Applying these higher growth rates to China results in the total vehicle fleet reaching considerably higher volumes than forecasted by others,... Highlights: ► We use large, car-producing countries as models in forecasting vehicle ownership in China. ► We find that vehicle growth rates in China could be twice as high as forecasted by others (including IEA). ► Motorization is occurring quickly across all regions in China, not just the richer coastal areas.