For decades, the peopling of the Americas has been explored through the analysis of uniparentally inherited genetic systems in Native American populations and the comparison of these genetic data with current linguistic groupings. In northern North America, two language families predominate: Eskimo-Aleut and Na-Dene.
The type specimen for Australopithecus africanus (Taung) includes a natural endocast that reproduces most of the external morphology of the right cerebral hemisphere and a fragment of fossilized face that articulates with the endocast.
We report here on the 2007 discovery, in perfect archaeological context, of part of the engraved and ocre-stained undersurface of the collapsed rockshelter ceiling from Abri Castanet, Dordogne, France. The decorated surface of the 1.5-t roof-collapse block was in direct contact with the exposed archaeological surface onto which it fell.
Early Neolithic sedentary villagers started cultivating wild cereals in the Near East 11,500 y ago [Pre-Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA)]. Recent discoveries indicated that Cyprus was frequented by Late PPNA people, but the earliest evidence until now for both the use of cereals and Neolithic villages on the island dates to 10,400 y ago.
The dog was the first domesticated animal but it remains uncertain when the domestication process began and whether it occurred just once or multiple times across the Northern Hemisphere. To ascertain the value of modern genetic data to elucidate the origins of dog domestication, we analyzed 49,024 autosomal SNPs in 1,375 dogs (representing 35 breeds) and 19 wolves.
We describe the need to further integrate the fields of human microbial ecology and anthropology and outline some of the potential goals and benefits of this collaborative work.
When it comes to human evolution, Europe and the Near East are crucial places:...
vis-à-vis: Explorations in Anthropology is the graduate journal of the Department of Anthropology at the University of Toronto. vis-à-vis is a peer-reviewed annual publication that provides a platform for student scholars to showcase their research and gain experience in all aspects of the publication process.
The joint University of Victoria-University of Johannesburg Field School in Paleoanthropology at the Drimolen fossil hominin site will be held from June 23 – July 14, 2012. The field school is hosted at the fossil hominin site of Drimolen, South Africa and students receive credit for two archaeology courses. We are currently taking applications - deadline February 15, 2012.
See Part 1 of this interview, here.