Max Planck Society
Field of Science:Germany
Website / Blog:www.mpg.de/english/portal/index.html
About the Max Planck Society
The Max Planck Society is not a government institution although it is funded to a large extent by the federal and state governments. Instead, it is a registered association and has its registered seat in Berlin. The Administrative Headquarters and office of the President are located in Munich.
Members of the Max Planck Society include the approximately 764 Supporting Members, the Honorary Members, and the Ex-officio Members. Other members include the appointed scientific members to the Society, who are usually institute directors.
Individual governing bodies within the Society make the decisions required to ensure that the Max Planck Society functions efficiently as a large research organization.
Members of the Max Planck Society convene in the General Meeting, the principle governing body. During this meeting, decisions are made on amendments to the Society's statutes, and members are elected to the senate. The Senate is the central decision-making and supervisory body. Senate members are chosen from important areas in society and science and are thus able to support research policy decisions with a broad background. Some of them are ex-officio members of the Senate, while others are elected during the General Meeting. The Senate decides on the establishment or closure of institutes, on the appointments of scientific members and institute directors, as well as on the budget. The Senate elects the President, members of the Executive Committee, and appoints the Secretary General. Thus the Senate has the most important capacities regarding research policy. The Executive Committee advises the President and prepares important decisions. The Executive Committee and the Secretary General comprise the Board of the Max Planck Society. The President represents the Max Planck Society, sets guidelines for research policies and presides over the Senate, the Executive Committee, and the General Meeting. In matters requiring immediate attention, the President is empowered to make decisions that would normally fall within the authority of the above-mentioned bodies. The Senate elects the President for a six-year term. The Sections prepare decisions of the Society that require specific scientific competence and prepare recommendations regarding the appointment of Scientific Members as well as the establishment or closure of institutes and departments. Together, the Sections comprise the Scientific Council of the Max Planck Society.
Scientific prizes and awards are an important indicator of the quality of research achievements. Most prestigious among scientific prizes internationally is the Nobel Prize. Since its founding in 1948 the Max Planck Society can boast 17 Nobel Prize winners among its ranks. In addition, 15 Noble Prizes were awarded to scientists from its predecessor organization, the Kaiser Wilhelm Society, between 1914 and 1948. Furthermore, many Max Planck Society scientists and researchers are winners of a number of scientific and academic awards from Germany and other countries, such as the German Leibniz Prize or the Japan Prize. In 2003, 105 scientists and researchers from Germany received several awards; a total of 41 of these were researchers at Max Planck Institutes. The Max Planck Society, sometimes in close cooperation with other organizations and foundations, also presents high-ranking scientific prizes and awards, such as the Max Planck Research Award or the Zülch Prize.
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Max Planck Society
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