Microproteinuria in type 2 diabetes mellitus from diagnosis


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    Views: (1073)   Date: (27-01-09)   Pages: ()
  • Author:  Martin P  Hampton KK  Walton C  Tindall H  Davies JA.  

  • Abstract:  Microproteinuria in type 2 diabetes mellitus from diagnosis. Martin P, Hampton KK, Walton C, Tindall H, Davies JA. University Department of Medicine, General Infirmary, Leeds, UK. Glomerular and tubular microproteinuria precede the development of overt nephropathy in Type 1 diabetes mellitus. However, in Type 2 diabetes urinary protein excretion and its relationship to diabetic nephropathy has not been clearly characterized. Twenty consecutive, newly diagnosed patients with Type 2 diabetes, whose urine was Albustix-negative and sterile on culture, were studied. Two timed overnight urine samples were collected at diagnosis, and after 2 months and 2 years, and excretion rates of albumin, alpha-1-microglobuli n and N-acetyl-beta-D-gluc osaminidase were calculated. HbA1c fell from 12.1 +/- 2.4% at diagnosis to 9.5 +/- 1.5% at 2 months and 9.6 +/- 2.2% at 2 years. Albumin excretion rate fell marginally from 6.5 (2.1-242.5) micrograms min-1 at diagnosis to 5.5 (1.7-274.0) micrograms min-1 at 2 months (p less than 0.05) rising again to 6.1 (1.9-201.7) micrograms min-1 at 2 years. alpha-1-Microglobuli n excretion rate fell from 13.5 (3.6-59.9) micrograms min-1 at diagnosis to 8.4 (2.9-16.1) micrograms min-1 at 2 months and 8.8 (1.8-54.1) micrograms min-1 at 2 years (both p less than 0.05). Albumin excretion rate was found to correlate significantly with creatinine clearance at diagnosis (rs = 0.61, p less than 0.005), though not subsequently. In contrast, excretion rates of alpha-1-microglobuli n and N-acetyl-beta-D-gluc osaminidase correlated with HbA1c (rs = 0.68 and 0.66, respectively, p less than 0.005 at diagnosis and rs = 0.57 and 0.53, p less than 0.05 subsequently in both cases).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID: 1692521 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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