Carbon footprint of aerobic biological treatment of winery wastewater.


     Related Videos
Lecture 10: Putting a Price on Carbon - Cap & Trade, Carbon Tax - YouTube
Lecture 10 Putting a Price on Carbon - Cap amp Trade Carbon Tax
Carbon Market Expo Australasia - October 2008 - www carbonexpo com au - Carbon market trad...
Carbon Farming versus Farming for Carbon 3
Carbon Farming versus Farming for Carbon 1

     Related Hubpages

  •  Doc. Url:    Embed Code: 

  • PubMed  status
    (0) (0 Votes)
    Views: ()   Date: (2009-10-23)   Pages: ()
  • Author:  D Bolzonella  

  • Abstract:  The carbon associated with wastewater and its treatment accounts for approximately 6% of the global carbon balance. Within the wastewater treatment industry, winery wastewater has a minor contribution, although it can have a major impact on wine-producing regions. Typically, winery wastewater is treated by biological processes, such as the activated sludge process. Biomass produced during treatment is usually disposed of directly, i.e. without digestion or other anaerobic processes. We applied our previously published model for carbon-footprint calculation to the areas worldwide producing yearly more than 10(6) m(3) of wine (i.e., France, Italy, Spain, California, Argentina, Australia, China, and South Africa). Datasets on wine production from the Food and Agriculture Organisation were processed and wastewater flow rates calculated with assumptions based on our previous experience. Results show that the wine production, hence the calculated wastewater flow, is reported as fairly constant in the period 2005-2007. Nevertheless, treatment process efficiency and energy-conservation may play a significant role on the overall carbon-footprint. We performed a sensitivity analysis on the efficiency of the aeration process (alphaSOTE per unit depth, or alphaSOTE/Z) in the biological treatment operations and showed significant margin for improvement. Our results show that the carbon-footprint reduction via aeration efficiency improvement is in the range of 8.1 to 12.3%.

     Related Documents

         Related Groups

           Related Science News

             More on Sciencestage

               Answers

               News

                 Related on Youtube Results
          • Need for Speed Carbon #21 - Lancer
            Need for Speed Carbon #21 - Lancer From: BHZ Alloc Views: 1 0 ratings Time: 05:57 More in Gaming
          • The Final vote 39-32 Carbon tax is repealed
            The Final vote 39-32 Carbon tax is repealed The Climate Sceptics in the Senate gallery approve of this historic moment by showing their appreciation with applause. From: Les Gallagher Views: 1 0 ratings Time: 01:39 More in News & Politics
          • Pelican Whole House Water Filter Carbon Series Review
            Pelican Whole House Water Filter Carbon Series Review From: Saltless Water Softener Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 05:21 More in People & Blogs
          • Carbon Z Cub in the Morning
            Carbon Z Cub in the Morning Taking my Carbon Z Cub out for a few flights before the heat of the day takes over. Stock model, Flightmax 4000mah 40C 6S pack. Timer set to 8 minutes. From: MrCubcrazy Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 03:51 More in People & Blogs
          • Magnesium & dry ice (fire in carbon dioxide!)
            Magnesium & dry ice (fire in carbon dioxide!) this is a crude thermite the element oxide is acting as a oxidizer to the magnesium. From: chemistry858 Views: 4 1 ratings Time: 02:53 More in Education
          • Blade200QX With New Carbon Fiber Frame
            Blade200QX With New Carbon Fiber Frame Blade 200QX -Phoenix Flight Gear Carbon Fiber Frame (www.rc-drones.com) From: Chris Doughman Views: 1 0 ratings Time: 05:36 More in Science & Technology
          • Get a Profile Design T3 Carbon Clip-On TT Bars Review
            Get a Profile Design T3 Carbon Clip-On TT Bars Review Goto http://bit.ly/WH5jHq Profile Design T3 Carbon Clip-On TT Bars Product Details Size: One Size Color: Black Brand: Profile Design Model: RHCT31 Released on: 2013-01-31 Number of... From: review Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:56 More in People & Blogs
          • 2015 Aston Martin DB9 Carbon Edition
            2015 Aston Martin DB9 Carbon Edition Website : http://carcorner.biz 2015 Aston Martin DB9 Carbon Edition,2015 Aston Martin DB9 Carbon Edition Review,2015 Aston Martin DB9 Carbon Edition Release Date. Link : http://youtu.be/h5XVPW0UW-g. From: CARCORNER.BIZ Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 03:37 More in People & Blogs
          • katana review: 1040 high carbon steel full tang bamboo theme
            katana review: 1040 high carbon steel full tang bamboo theme www.swordsswords.com. From: kody wolfe Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 08:30 More in People & Blogs
          • Carbon Monoxide Public Service Announcement Cappy Heating in Livonia, MI
            Carbon Monoxide Public Service Announcement Cappy Heating in Livonia, MI We want to remind everyone to have furnaces and other fuel-burning appliances in their homes inspected by authorized service personnel, to prevent the serious hazards of carbon monoxide poisoning. From: Cappy Heating & Air Conditioning, Inc. Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:46 More in People & Blogs
          • Laser cuting machine for 3mm carbon steel
            Laser cuting machine for 3mm carbon steel BCAMCNC Group has produce the CNC laser cutting machine for 10 years , now we have the YAG 600/750/850/1000W Fiber laser cutting machine 400w/500w/1000w/2000w/3000w. From: BCAM CNC Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:57 More in People & Blogs
          • New Ergon CF3 Pro Carbon Seatpost Best Deal
            New Ergon CF3 Pro Carbon Seatpost Best Deal Goto http://bit.ly/1rvTHSR Ergon CF3 Pro Carbon Seatpost Product Details Size: 27.2 x 330mm Color: One Color Brand: Ergon Model: 43000020 Number of items: 1 Dimensions: 4.00" h x... From: review Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 02:37 More in People & Blogs
          • 2012 Volkswagen Golf VI MY12.5 GTI Carbon Steel Grey 6 Speed Manual Hatchback
            2012 Volkswagen Golf VI MY12.5 GTI Carbon Steel Grey 6 Speed Manual Hatchback http://www.johnhughes.com.au/used-cars/view/2012_Volkswagen_Golf_VI_MY125_GTI_Carbon_Steel_Grey_6_Speed_Manual_Hatchback/8077128/ From: John Hughes Your Car Buying Destination Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:38 More in Autos & Vehicles
          • Прохождение Need For Speed Carbon Захватили 2 района желтых
            Прохождение Need For Speed Carbon Захватили 2 района желтых Проходим Need For Speed Carbon и получаем удовольствие от жизни! Паблик Шашлыка: http://vk.com/shashlik_na_vinos Шашлык в ВК: http://vk.co... From: Шашлык на вынос Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 21:42 More in Entertainment
          • How to Say or Pronounce USA Cities — Mount Carbon, West Virginia
            How to Say or Pronounce USA Cities — Mount Carbon, West Virginia This video shows you how to say or pronounce Mount Carbon, West Virginia. A computer said Mount Carbon, West Virginia. How would you say Mount Carbon, West Virginia? From: Jesse Smith Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:18 More in Education
          • Nike iD vapor carbon REVIEW**NEW
            Nike iD vapor carbon REVIEW**NEW This is simply an awesome cleat! From: Richboyrich26 Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 04:31 More in People & Blogs
          • Armaduras de fibra de carbon
            Armaduras de fibra de carbon Recrear el famoso ocio de la antigua Roma pero con altas tecnologías y además recuperando 96 tipos de artes marciales en vías de extinción: este es el sueño de una empresa australiana... From: ANCOMTV Views: 2 0 ratings Time: 02:24 More in Science & Technology
          • Lenovo X1 Carbon Touch Laptop
            Lenovo X1 Carbon Touch Laptop Lenovo X1 Carbon Touch Laptop. From: Amazon Reviews Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 04:04 More in People & Blogs
          • SURVIVAL 1.7 EP #3 GENERADORES DE CARBON
            SURVIVAL 1.7 EP #3 GENERADORES DE CARBON OLA CHICOS EH AQUI UN NUEVO CAPITULO DE LA SERIE SURVIVAL 1.7 EN EL QUE AREMOS UN GENERADOR DE CARBON VEGETAL MUY BUENO Y RAPIDO ASI QUE ESPERO LES GUSTE Y LA PASEIS BIEN YA SABEIS LIKE COMENTEN... From: TheBMX G Views: 0 1 ratings Time: 15:30 More in Entertainment
          • NFS Carbon 07 Walka z Kenjim
            NFS Carbon 07 Walka z Kenjim From: Patryk X Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 12:07 More in Gaming
          • 2014 replicas Ray Ban RB Aviator Carbon Fibre Collection Sunglasses
            2014 replicas Ray Ban RB Aviator Carbon Fibre Collection Sunglasses If you Interested these exact Replicas in this video.Just Click: http://www.vokshop.com If you need any help or have any questions send me a message by Email or contact me online customer... From: sheii rshr Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:55 More in People & Blogs
          • Loki Mod By NEXCII Carbon Fiber Mechanical Mod
            Loki Mod By NEXCII Carbon Fiber Mechanical Mod Direct link to item: PRE-ORDER http://www.evapes.com/loki-18650-carbon-mechanical-mod-by-nexcii.html Our Website: http://www.evapes.com/ Coupon Code, one word, no quotations. click on total... From: eVapes Views: 4 0 ratings Time: 09:33 More in People & Blogs
          • Need For Speed Carbon Español Gameplay #2 - Carreras Rudas
            Need For Speed Carbon Español Gameplay #2 - Carreras Rudas From: Pinki´s Games Views: 1 0 ratings Time: 24:07 More in Entertainment
          • TSTL CARBON - Black Ops II Game Clip
            TSTL CARBON - Black Ops II Game Clip Game Clip. From: TSTL CARBON Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 02:02 More in Gaming
          • Interloper ~ Carbon Based Lifeforms
            Interloper ~ Carbon Based Lifeforms SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE MUSIC d^^b ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- No copyright infringement intended. For promotional purposes only.... From: Ezrii Skoda Views: 2 0 ratings Time: 06:06 More in Music

          •      Related on Wikipedia




























               

              Powered free by PHPmotion