Carbon footprint of aerobic biological treatment of winery wastewater.

     Related Videos
Lecture 10: Putting a Price on Carbon - Cap & Trade, Carbon Tax - YouTube
Lecture 10 Putting a Price on Carbon - Cap amp Trade Carbon Tax
Carbon Market Expo Australasia - October 2008 - www carbonexpo com au - Carbon market trad...
Carbon Farming versus Farming for Carbon 3
Carbon Farming versus Farming for Carbon 1

     Related Hubpages

  •  Doc. Url:    Embed Code: 

  • PubMed  status
    (0) (0 Votes)
    Views: ()   Date: (2009-10-23)   Pages: ()
  • Author:  D Bolzonella  

  • Abstract:  The carbon associated with wastewater and its treatment accounts for approximately 6% of the global carbon balance. Within the wastewater treatment industry, winery wastewater has a minor contribution, although it can have a major impact on wine-producing regions. Typically, winery wastewater is treated by biological processes, such as the activated sludge process. Biomass produced during treatment is usually disposed of directly, i.e. without digestion or other anaerobic processes. We applied our previously published model for carbon-footprint calculation to the areas worldwide producing yearly more than 10(6) m(3) of wine (i.e., France, Italy, Spain, California, Argentina, Australia, China, and South Africa). Datasets on wine production from the Food and Agriculture Organisation were processed and wastewater flow rates calculated with assumptions based on our previous experience. Results show that the wine production, hence the calculated wastewater flow, is reported as fairly constant in the period 2005-2007. Nevertheless, treatment process efficiency and energy-conservation may play a significant role on the overall carbon-footprint. We performed a sensitivity analysis on the efficiency of the aeration process (alphaSOTE per unit depth, or alphaSOTE/Z) in the biological treatment operations and showed significant margin for improvement. Our results show that the carbon-footprint reduction via aeration efficiency improvement is in the range of 8.1 to 12.3%.

     Related Documents

         Related Groups

           Related Science News

             More on Sciencestage

               Answers

                 News

                   Related on Youtube Results
            • 3K Carbon Road Bike Bicycle Clincher Wheelset 50mm
              3K Carbon Road Bike Bicycle Clincher Wheelset 50mm 3K Carbon Road Bike Bicycle Clincher Wheelset 50mm Product Feature * Full Carbon 3K 700C Road Bike Clincher Wheelset * * * Product Description Full Carbon Wheelset : Clincher Rim ( With... From: farid Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:33 More in Science & Technology
            • â–º 2014 SRT Viper GTS Anodized Carbon Special Edition
              ► 2014 SRT Viper GTS Anodized Carbon Special Edition The channel contains a selection of car crashes, video recorders, motor racing, auto, auto-tuning, auto, vintage cars, the best car reviews, video cameras with the police. car, new cars,... From: autogo Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 06:24 More in Sports
            • The Deans List: United States Announces Carbon Pollution Goals
              The Deans List: United States Announces Carbon Pollution Goals The Obama Administration said this week that the United States will cut carbon emissions up to 28 percent over the next decade compared to 2005 levels. This comes after recent declarations... From: NRDCflix Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 01:35 More in Nonprofits & Activism
            • 2014 New seatpost carbon fibre bike seatpost bicyc
              2014 New seatpost carbon fibre bike seatpost bicyc Full review here(Полный обзор здесь): ... From: Фёдор Шабаршин Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:06 More in People & Blogs
            • 2014 New seatpost carbon fibre bike seatpost bicyc
              2014 New seatpost carbon fibre bike seatpost bicyc Full review here(Полный обзор здесь): ... From: Фёдор Шабаршин Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:06 More in People & Blogs
            • 2014 famous brand new top carbon fiber road bends
              2014 famous brand new top carbon fiber road bends Full review here(Полный обзор здесь): ... From: Фёдор Шабаршин Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:06 More in People & Blogs
            • NFS Carbon - Conquistamos nosso 1º territorio!!! #5 pt br
              NFS Carbon - Conquistamos nosso 1º territorio!!! #5 pt br TwT: https://twitter.com/Mammute_games Steam: marcosxd14 Isso ai galera se gostarem deem joinha, favoritem e se inscrevam para dar uma força ai! Isso realmente me ajuda e incentiva muito... From: Mammute Games Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 19:29 More in Gaming
            • Women Winter Bamboo Carbon Fiber Double Thermal Wa
              Women Winter Bamboo Carbon Fiber Double Thermal Wa Full review here(Полный обзор здесь): ... From: Фёдор Шабаршин Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:06 More in People & Blogs
            • Think First Look ThinkPad X1 Carbon 1
              Think First Look ThinkPad X1 Carbon 1 Il nuovo Carbon X1 viene svelato da Kevin Beck e dalla Product Manager Alysia Baker. #thisisthinkpad. From: LenovoItalia Views: 1 0 ratings Time: 04:26 More in Science & Technology
            • Engine 2015 Aston Martin Vanquish Carbon Black
              Engine 2015 Aston Martin Vanquish Carbon Black 2015 Aston Martin Vanquish Carbon Black 2015 aston martin vanquish carbon edition price 2015 aston martin vanquish carbon edition 2015 aston martin vanquish carbon 2015 aston martin db9 ... From: Cars Specs and Features Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 02:01 More in Autos & Vehicles
            • Need for Speed carbon PSP
              Need for Speed carbon PSP First off my recording sucks and the thing at the bottom is just part of the case nothing I can do about it. From: SuperSmashKid105 Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 01:48 More in Gaming
            • High quality CARBON FIBRE FLIP HARD BACK CASE COVE
              High quality CARBON FIBRE FLIP HARD BACK CASE COVE Full review here(Полный обзор здесь): ... From: Фёдор Шабаршин Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:06 More in People & Blogs
            • High quality CARBON FIBRE FLIP HARD BACK CASE COVE
              High quality CARBON FIBRE FLIP HARD BACK CASE COVE Full review here(Полный обзор здесь): ... From: Фёдор Шабаршин Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:06 More in People & Blogs
            • Штатив Hama Omega Carbon III H-04293
              Штатив Hama Omega Carbon III H-04293 Подробный обзор и мой реальный отзыв здесь: http://ad.admitad.com/goto/6e62ad827651062d2ebaaf57a0ce5a/?i=5&ulp=http%3A%2F%2Fe96.ru%2Ffoto%2Ftripods%2Ftripodi%2Fh... From: Dariya Bakarinova Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:06 More in People & Blogs
            • Price 2015 Aston Martin Vanquish Carbon White
              Price 2015 Aston Martin Vanquish Carbon White 2015 aston martin vanquish carbon edition price 2015 aston martin vanquish carbon edition 2015 aston martin vanquish carbon 2015 aston martin db9 carbon edition Eye-catching features ... From: Cars Specs and Features Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 03:21 More in Autos & Vehicles
            • Henri Lloyd Men's Vigo Jacket Carbon Medium
              Henri Lloyd Men's Vigo Jacket Carbon Medium Henri Lloyd Men's Vigo Jacket Carbon Medium Product Feature * Breathable * Waterproof * Windproof * Product Description Henri Lloyd Vigo Jacket CARBON Y00274 Fully taped and waterproof... From: sam Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 01:04 More in Science & Technology
            • Чехол HAMA Hardcase Carbon Style 60L
              Чехол HAMA Hardcase Carbon Style 60L Чехол HAMA Hardcase Carbon Style 60L. Подробный обзор можно посмотреть здесь http://tinyurl.com/jw2xylf Стильный чехол HAMA Hardcase Carbon... From: Roza Korchikova Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:13 More in People & Blogs
            • Need for Speed: Carbon Drift Gameplay
              Need for Speed: Carbon Drift Gameplay Szerezz olcsóbban játékokat , és keress vele pénzt ! Get cheaper games and earn money ! https://www.g2a.com/gr/zoligameshd@gmail.com If you liked the video then like and subscribe :D... From: ZoliGamesHD Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 04:38 More in Gaming
            • Need for Speed Carbon gameplay + download link
              Need for Speed Carbon gameplay + download link Need for Speed Carbon PC Game Download link: http://www.pcgamecloud.com/2015/01/need-for-speed-carbon-full-pc-game.html System Requirements: Windows Xp,7,8,Vista HDD:5.3GB Ram: ... From: Pcgamecloud PGC Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 07:29 More in Gaming
            • Newest BONTRAGER RXL Mountain bike 3K full carbon
              Newest BONTRAGER RXL Mountain bike 3K full carbon Full review here(Полный обзор здесь): ... From: Фёдор Шабаршин Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:06 More in People & Blogs
            • Why Is Carbon Important To Life?
              Why Is Carbon Important To Life? From: Top Sites Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 01:23 More in Howto & Style
            • How-To Remove Carbon In A Muffler
              How-To Remove Carbon In A Muffler From: Top Sites Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 01:22 More in Howto & Style
            • Newest BONTRAGER RXL Mountain bike 3K full carbon
              Newest BONTRAGER RXL Mountain bike 3K full carbon Full review here(Полный обзор здесь): ... From: Фёдор Шабаршин Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:06 More in People & Blogs
            • Carbon Fiber Texture Vertical Flip Up and Down Mob
              Carbon Fiber Texture Vertical Flip Up and Down Mob Full review here(Полный обзор здесь): ... From: Фёдор Шабаршин Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:06 More in People & Blogs
            • Carbon Fiber Texture Vertical Flip Up and Down Mob
              Carbon Fiber Texture Vertical Flip Up and Down Mob Full review here(Полный обзор здесь): ... From: Фёдор Шабаршин Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:06 More in People & Blogs

            •      Related on Wikipedia




























               

              Powered free by PHPmotion