Carbon footprint of aerobic biological treatment of winery wastewater.


     Related Videos
Lecture 10: Putting a Price on Carbon - Cap & Trade, Carbon Tax - YouTube
Lecture 10 Putting a Price on Carbon - Cap amp Trade Carbon Tax
Carbon Market Expo Australasia - October 2008 - www carbonexpo com au - Carbon market trad...
Carbon Farming versus Farming for Carbon 3
Carbon Farming versus Farming for Carbon 1

     Related Hubpages

  •  Doc. Url:    Embed Code: 

  • PubMed  status
    (0) (0 Votes)
    Views: ()   Date: (2009-10-23)   Pages: ()
  • Author:  D Bolzonella  

  • Abstract:  The carbon associated with wastewater and its treatment accounts for approximately 6% of the global carbon balance. Within the wastewater treatment industry, winery wastewater has a minor contribution, although it can have a major impact on wine-producing regions. Typically, winery wastewater is treated by biological processes, such as the activated sludge process. Biomass produced during treatment is usually disposed of directly, i.e. without digestion or other anaerobic processes. We applied our previously published model for carbon-footprint calculation to the areas worldwide producing yearly more than 10(6) m(3) of wine (i.e., France, Italy, Spain, California, Argentina, Australia, China, and South Africa). Datasets on wine production from the Food and Agriculture Organisation were processed and wastewater flow rates calculated with assumptions based on our previous experience. Results show that the wine production, hence the calculated wastewater flow, is reported as fairly constant in the period 2005-2007. Nevertheless, treatment process efficiency and energy-conservation may play a significant role on the overall carbon-footprint. We performed a sensitivity analysis on the efficiency of the aeration process (alphaSOTE per unit depth, or alphaSOTE/Z) in the biological treatment operations and showed significant margin for improvement. Our results show that the carbon-footprint reduction via aeration efficiency improvement is in the range of 8.1 to 12.3%.

     Related Documents

         Related Groups

           Related Science News

             More on Sciencestage

               Answers

               News

                 Related on Youtube Results
          • Serial Key Need for Speed Carbon Keygen
            Serial Key Need for Speed Carbon Keygen http://www.vipdownloads.us/Need_for_Speed_Carbon_1.html Download Need for Speed Carbon Keygen Link [M2] Need for Speed Carbon No password Link [2 September 2014] Tags: Need for... From: Orsini Adelman Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 01:29 More in Education
          • NFS Carbon 13
            NFS Carbon 13 From: Patryk X Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 09:46 More in Gaming
          • Serial Key Need for Speed Carbon Keygen
            Serial Key Need for Speed Carbon Keygen http://www.vipdownloads.us/Need_for_Speed_Carbon_2.html Download Need for Speed Carbon Keygen Link [M1] Need for Speed Carbon Instant Download Tags: Need for Speed Carbon Activator... From: Hare Llanos Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 01:29 More in Science & Technology
          • Cheap Flightposite Carbon Fiber Unboxing Video
            Cheap Flightposite Carbon Fiber Unboxing Video Welcome to our site : http://cheapjordanshoes.de.vc/ From: Vernawb Blakevh Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 02:59 More in People & Blogs
          • Cheap Flightposite Carbon Fiber On feet Video
            Cheap Flightposite Carbon Fiber On feet Video Welcome to our site : http://cheapjordanshoes.de.vc/ From: Vernawb Blakevh Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:42 More in People & Blogs
          • swiss replica watches sku0769 Breitling Chronomat B01 V1 SS Carbon Black Dial Stick Markers on Brace
            swiss replica watches sku0769 Breitling Chronomat B01 V1 SS Carbon Black Dial Stick Markers on Brace http://www.pureti.me.uk. From: Roxanneka Johnsonqs Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 01:25 More in Howto & Style
          • Need for speed carbon walkthrough p22
            Need for speed carbon walkthrough p22 From: Gamer623 Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 10:01 More in Gaming
          • Minecraft 1:carbon a tope #1
            Minecraft 1:carbon a tope #1 Esta serie es para mis subs. From: diego777 minecraft Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 11:05 More in People & Blogs
          • Need for speed carbon walkthrough p21
            Need for speed carbon walkthrough p21 From: Gamer623 Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 10:01 More in Gaming
          • Korea delays scheme to reduce carbon emission by 5 years 저탄소차협력금제 시행 2020년까지 연
            Korea delays scheme to reduce carbon emission by 5 years 저탄소차협력금제 시행 2020년까지 연 Korea is putting the brakes on its push towards an emission-free auto market,... amid mounting pressure from local and global automakers. The government said Tuesday... that it will DELAY carrying... From: ARIRANG NEWS Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:54 More in News & Politics
          • Infinity Blade Capitulo 5 Mas carbon;
            Infinity Blade Capitulo 5 Mas carbon; From: lobito aceves Views: 1 0 ratings Time: 10:53 More in People & Blogs
          • Chasing a Carbon z Cub
            Chasing a Carbon z Cub Aerial video from and Action Drone AD-1 following a Carbon Z Cub. From: Carlosmalone Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 01:37 More in Entertainment
          • Need for speed carbon walkthrough p20
            Need for speed carbon walkthrough p20 From: Gamer623 Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 10:01 More in Gaming
          • watch review 00737 swiss replica Hublot Big Bang All Carbon Black
            watch review 00737 swiss replica Hublot Big Bang All Carbon Black Click: http://www.watchesbiz.us ------ We are reputable replica watches' dealer. (Warning: www.sinowatches.es is scam website which sell your account info. you will lose your money and get... From: Norman Xing Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 01:46 More in Howto & Style
          • swiss replica watches sku0180 Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Diver Forged Carbon 1by1 Best Editi
            swiss replica watches sku0180 Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Diver Forged Carbon 1by1 Best Editi http://www.pureti.me.uk. From: Roxanneka Johnsonqs Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 03:43 More in Howto & Style
          • swiss replica watches sku0177 Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Diver Forged Carbon Best Edition on
            swiss replica watches sku0177 Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Diver Forged Carbon Best Edition on http://www.pureti.me.uk. From: Roxanneka Johnsonqs Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 02:46 More in Howto & Style
          • swiss replica watches sku0167 Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore 44mm Forged Carbon Best Edition A77
            swiss replica watches sku0167 Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore 44mm Forged Carbon Best Edition A77 http://www.pureti.me.uk. From: Roxanneka Johnsonqs Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 06:21 More in Howto & Style
          • swiss replica watches sku0167 Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore 44mm Forged Carbon 1by1 Best Editio
            swiss replica watches sku0167 Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore 44mm Forged Carbon 1by1 Best Editio http://www.pureti.me.uk. From: Roxanneka Johnsonqs Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 05:40 More in Howto & Style
          • Need for speed carbon walkthrough p19
            Need for speed carbon walkthrough p19 'D good now i can play... SO MORE WALKTHROUGH!!!! From: Gamer623 Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 03:48 More in Gaming
          • TC Electronic Flashback Delay Vs MXR Carbon Copy Delay Pedal Shootout
            TC Electronic Flashback Delay Vs MXR Carbon Copy Delay Pedal Shootout Here's a shootout between a Digital TC Electronic Flashback Delay pedal and an analogue MXR Carbon Copy delay. I'm playing a Fender USA Standard Strat into a Fender Blues Deluxe. Recording... From: Simon Smith Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 13:54 More in Music
          • Outside tour of Dad's home in Carbon, AB
            Outside tour of Dad's home in Carbon, AB October 29, 2012. From: jetaitsummer Views: 1 0 ratings Time: 02:32 More in People & Blogs
          • Ducati diavel carbon Super Bike Motor Cycle Sport New
            Ducati diavel carbon Super Bike Motor Cycle Sport New Ducati diavel carbon Super Bike Motor Cycle Sport New ducati diavel carbon top speed 2014 ducati diavel carbon sound ducati diavel carbon seat ducati diavel carbon specs ducati... From: iletatora Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:33 More in Autos & Vehicles
          • Bently Carbon repair
            Bently Carbon repair From: Shade Treellc Views: 2 0 ratings Time: 02:38 More in Autos & Vehicles
          • Inside tour of Dad's home in Carbon, AB
            Inside tour of Dad's home in Carbon, AB October 29, 2012. From: jetaitsummer Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 04:53 More in People & Blogs
          • Bentley Carbon Finished repair
            Bentley Carbon Finished repair From: Shade Treellc Views: 4 0 ratings Time: 02:26 More in Autos & Vehicles

          •      Related on Wikipedia




























               

              Powered free by PHPmotion