A culture-bound syndrome amafufunyana and a culture-specific event ukuthwasa : differentiated by a family history of schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders.


     Related Videos
Commerce and Culture, Lecture 10: Culture as Pop Culture | Paul A. Cantor - YouTube
Commerce and Culture, Lecture 1: The Economic Basis of Culture | Paul A. Cantor - YouTube
Rightward Bound
  • Rightward Bound

  • Transparency and Inter Press Service; Bruce Schulman, a professor of history at Boston University; P...

Calculus Regions Bound by Several Curves
Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound 3/3 (Lecture 16) - YouTube

     Related Hubpages

  •  Doc. Url:    Embed Code: 

  • PubMed  status
    (0) (0 Votes)
    Views: ()   Date: (2004-4-2)   Pages: ()
  • Author:  D J Stein  

  • Abstract:  BACKGROUND: 'Amafufunyana' and 'ukuthwasa' are two culture-specific descriptive terms used by Xhosa traditional healers to explain aberrant behavioral and psychological phenomena. Some overlap between these conditions and schizophrenia (DSM-IV) is apparent. The aim of this study was to determine the extent to which amafufunyana and ukuthwasa were used as cultural explanatory models by traditional healers for DSM-IV-defined schizophrenia and whether there were significant phenomenological differences in schizophrenia symptoms in patients with the diagnosis of amafufunyana rather than ukuthwasa. SAMPLING AND METHODS: Xhosa patients with schizophrenia underwent a structured clinical diagnostic interview (Diagnostic Interview for Genetic Studies). The use of traditional diagnostic and treatment methods was assessed by structured open-ended interviewer-rated questions. The sample was then stratified for the presence/absence of a past/current diagnosis of amafufunyana and/or ukuthwasa. The clinical parameters were compared across groups by means of the chi2 or Student t tests. RESULTS: 247 adult subjects participated in the study. 106 (53%) patients reported a previous diagnosis of amafufunyana, and 9 (4.5%) reported a diagnosis of ukuthwasa. A family history of schizophrenia (p = 0.004) or any psychiatric disorder (p = 0.008) was more common in the ukuthwasa group. Subjects with a primary diagnosis other than amafufunyana or ukuthwasa were more likely to be married (p = 0.004), to have a history of stressor(s) prior to illness onset (p = 0.026), to be from a rural environment (p = 0.007) or to have a history of cannabis abuse/dependency (p = 0.015). CONCLUSION: The culture-bound syndrome amafufunyana and the culture-specific phenomenon of ukuthwasa are both used to explain symptoms in patients with schizophrenia (DSM-IV). Identification of cases as amafufunyana and ukuthwasa may correlate with a distinction between familial and sporadic cases of schizophrenia. Whether the positive connotations associated with ukuthwasa, as opposed to the more negative connotations associated with amafufunyana, hold any implications for the treatment or prognosis of schizophrenia remains to be clarified.

     Related Documents

         Related Groups

           Related Science News

             More on Sciencestage

             Answers

               News

                 Related on Youtube Results
          • Jannik Hansen records a hat trick against Chicago
            Jannik Hansen records a hat trick against Chicago Vancouver Canucks forward Jannik Hansen records his first career hat trick against the Chicago Blackhawks on November 23, 2014. From: NHL Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 01:52 More in Sports
          • Why are you a Troll(Butthole)?
            Why are you a Troll(Butthole)? TROLLS with-out love in there hearts. From: BEN TIME TRAVELER Views: 0 16 ratings Time: 00:00 More in Entertainment
          • Afghan volleyball match suicide attack kills at least 45
            Afghan volleyball match suicide attack kills at least 45 A suicide bomber detonated an explosive device among a large crowd of spectators at a volleyball match in Afghanistan on Sunday, killing at least 45 people. The attack took place in Yahya... From: TomoNews US Views: 158 20 ratings Time: 00:51 More in News & Politics
          • Acoplamiento de la nave espacial rusa Soyuz TMA-15M a la EEI
            Acoplamiento de la nave espacial rusa Soyuz TMA-15M a la EEI Con una nueva tripulación a bordo para la Estación Espacial Internacional, la nave espacial rusa Soyuz TMA-15M ha despegado con éxito desde el cosmódromo Baikonur (Kazajistán). SEPA MÁS:... From: RT en Español Views: 218 43 ratings Time: 24:09 More in News & Politics
          • Teacher student sex scandal: substitute science teacher unveils herself to a 16-year-old boy
            Teacher student sex scandal: substitute science teacher unveils herself to a 16-year-old boy A New Jersey substitute teacher was arrested on Friday after allegedly sexually assaulting one of her 16-year-old students. After school hours on Thursday, Linda Hardan, 21, allegedly transported... From: TomoNews US Views: 2327 68 ratings Time: 01:03 More in News & Politics
          • A possibilidade de vida alienígena inteligente e a ficção científica (com Alexey Dodsworth)
            A possibilidade de vida alienígena inteligente e a ficção científica (com Alexey Dodsworth) A possibilidade de vida alienígena inteligente e a ficção científica (Hangout com Alexey Dodsworth) From: FRANK JAAVA Views: 17 59 ratings Time: 01:45:06 More in Entertainment
          • Firing Squads Coming Back & Maybe That’s A Good Thing
            Firing Squads Coming Back & Maybe That’s A Good Thing "Utah has a unique history with firing squad executions. The state used gunmen to execute Gary Gilmore in 1977, the first inmate put to death after the Supreme Court lifted a five-year moratorium... From: The Young Turks Views: 2583 589 ratings Time: 06:04 More in News & Politics
          • Reaves spins and scores to take a 3-2 lead
            Reaves spins and scores to take a 3-2 lead St. Louis Blues forward and Winnipeg native Ryan Reaves rips a low shot as he is spinning around that beats Jets goalie Ondrej Pavelec to take a 3-2 lead. From: NHL Views: 301 28 ratings Time: 00:49 More in Sports
          • #SemanaStream ÚLTIMO DIA!! ;-; MINECRAFT A SÉRIE!! SE DESPEDINDO!
            #SemanaStream ÚLTIMO DIA!! ;-; MINECRAFT A SÉRIE!! SE DESPEDINDO! Se Inscreva no canal: http://goo.gl/X35Pv7 ✓ ADRNEWS: https://twitter.com/ADRNews_ ✓ Camisetas RezendeEvil: http://goo.gl/fxHzyc Minecraft com alguns mods dos mais divertidos que existem... From: rezendeevil Views: 138501 20400 ratings Time: 01:34:21 More in Gaming
          • Pokémon Alpha Sapphire Let's Play w/ TheKingNappy! - Ep 15 "A Dingo Ate My Baby"
            Pokémon Alpha Sapphire Let's Play w/ TheKingNappy! - Ep 15 "A Dingo Ate My Baby" Make sure you drop a LIKE if you're HYPED for #ORAS AAAND if you're a PROUD member of the #NAPPYNATION!! :D WHAT'S GOOD YOUTUBE?! Watup! Today is the day that we FINALLY get our ... From: TheKingNappy Views: 9545 1035 ratings Time: 35:06 More in Gaming
          • GOAL: Teal Bunbury curls in a beauty | New York Red Bulls vs. New England Revolution
            GOAL: Teal Bunbury curls in a beauty | New York Red Bulls vs. New England Revolution Goal! New York Red Bulls 0, New England Revolution 1. Teal Bunbury (New England Revolution) left footed shot from outside the box to the top left corner of the goal. Subscribe to our channel... From: Major League Soccer Views: 572 14 ratings Time: 01:22 More in Sports
          • La nave espacial rusa Soyuz TMA-15M despega desde Baikonur rumbo a la EEI
            La nave espacial rusa Soyuz TMA-15M despega desde Baikonur rumbo a la EEI Con una nueva tripulación a bordo para la Estación Espacial Internacional, la nave espacial rusa Soyuz TMA-15M despega desde el cosmódromo Baikonur (Kazajistán). SEPA MÁS: http://actualidad.r. From: RT en Español Views: 6272 144 ratings Time: 01:21:00 More in News & Politics
          • Boy with fake gun dies A 12 year old boy
            Boy with fake gun dies A 12 year old boy Boy with fake gun dies "A 12-year-old boy" after shot by Ohio officer http://www.tatoott1009.com/2014/11/23/boy-with-fake-gun-dies-a-12-year-old-boy-after-shot-by-ohio-officer/ Researchers... From: tatoott1009 2 MIN NEWS Views: 248 35 ratings Time: 19:09 More in Education
          • Oracle Is a Weird, Rad New Dota 2 Hero - IGN Arena Podcast
            Oracle Is a Weird, Rad New Dota 2 Hero - IGN Arena Podcast The IGN Arena crew talks about their expectations for Oracle, moments before he launched this week. From: IGN Views: 2401 134 ratings Time: 09:03 More in Gaming
          • Watch the Scion iM Concept Debut: A concept car that will actually be built
            Watch the Scion iM Concept Debut: A concept car that will actually be built http://www.TFLcar.com ) The Scion iM Concept car is a sporty hatchback that is rather unusual for a an Auto Show debut. Why? Scion has confirmed that it will build this sporty hatch. Look... From: The Fast Lane Car Views: 2952 116 ratings Time: 03:00 More in Autos & Vehicles
          • Boy with fake gun dies "A 12-year-old boy" after shot by Ohio officer
            Boy with fake gun dies "A 12-year-old boy" after shot by Ohio officer Boy with fake gun dies "A 12-year-old boy" after shot by Ohio officer http://www.tatoott1009.com/2014/11/23/boy-with-fake-gun-dies-a-12-year-old-boy-after-shot-by-ohio-officer/ Researchers... From: tatoott1009 2 MIN NEWS Views: 271 32 ratings Time: 02:24 More in Education
          • A SECRET KIDNAPPING - 5 Nights at Freddy's 2 (Night5)
            A SECRET KIDNAPPING - 5 Nights at Freddy's 2 (Night5) We're on Night 5!! This is SO MUCH harder to beat! If you guys have any HE KNOWS - 5 Nights at Freddy's 2 (Night5) More scary games ▻ http://bit.ly/1thZdFr Follow Me on Steam! ▻ http://ste... From: iHasCupquake Views: 63022 3286 ratings Time: 12:40 More in Gaming
          • Como usar as cores a seu favor na decoração da sua casa — Carol Moré, Follow The Colours
            Como usar as cores a seu favor na decoração da sua casa — Carol Moré, Follow The Colours Como usar as cores a seu favor na decoração da sua casa — Carol Moré, Follow The Colours. From: Carol T. Moré Views: 0 6 ratings Time: 57:26 More in Entertainment
          • 'A long way from zero': NYC takes on traffic fatalities
            'A long way from zero': NYC takes on traffic fatalities Although New York City streets over the past few years have been the safest in decades, traffic accidents and pedestrian fatalities have recently started to tick back up. Now, city officials... From: PBS NewsHour Views: 337 3 ratings Time: 08:20 More in News & Politics
          • A grocery store where frozen foods are hot
            A grocery store where frozen foods are hot The items at Babeth's Feast in Manhattan, which sells exclusively frozen food, are nothing like the TV dinners or cardboard pizza of decades past. Susan Spencer of "48 Hours" checks out the... From: CBS Sunday Morning Views: 5 0 ratings Time: 02:20 More in News & Politics
          • Broomstones Jr. Bonspiel A Finals
            Broomstones Jr. Bonspiel A Finals H Clawson (Red) v Dunkley (Yellow) From: Broomstones webcasting Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 00:00 More in Sports
          • Pirillo Vlog 938 - Are You a Part of Our Family (or Not)?
            Pirillo Vlog 938 - Are You a Part of Our Family (or Not)? Become a patron for bonuses ASAP: http://ChrisPirillo.com/ My Geek-Only Channel: http://youtube.com/GeekLifestyles http://twitter.com/ChrisPirillo & http://instagr.am/ChrisPirillo http://facebook.... From: Chris Pirillo Views: 3232 652 ratings Time: 13:04 More in Comedy
          • Italy: Roma-Atalanta Serie A clash erupts in violence
            Italy: Roma-Atalanta Serie A clash erupts in violence Video ID: 20141123-009 M/S Police blocking off roads [MOVING SHOT] SCRIPT Clashes erupted between the fans of Serie A sides Roma and Atalanta on Saturday night in the city of Bergamo. From: RuptlyTV Views: 301 3 ratings Time: 00:46 More in News & Politics
          • Minecraft a Série 2 #44 - A DUNGEON MAIS DIFÍCIL DO JOGO!
            Minecraft a Série 2 #44 - A DUNGEON MAIS DIFÍCIL DO JOGO! Se Inscreva no canal: http://goo.gl/X35Pv7 LIVESTREAM: http://goo.gl/5V9hh7 ✓ Camisetas RezendeEvil: http://goo.gl/fxHzyc ✓ Próximo Episódio: Em Breve ✓ Episódio Anterior: http://goo.g... From: rezendeevil Views: 113602 13693 ratings Time: 17:14 More in Gaming
          • If only the Chevy Chaparral 2X Vision Gran Turismo was a real race car
            If only the Chevy Chaparral 2X Vision Gran Turismo was a real race car http://www.TFLcar.com ) The Chevy Chaparral 2X Vision Gran Turismo is what's called a "roller" in the car business. In other words a concept car without an engine. But what cool race car!... From: The Fast Lane Car Views: 3511 125 ratings Time: 05:24 More in Autos & Vehicles

          •      Related on Wikipedia




























             

            Powered free by PHPmotion