A culture-bound syndrome amafufunyana and a culture-specific event ukuthwasa : differentiated by a family history of schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders.


     Related Videos
Commerce and Culture, Lecture 10: Culture as Pop Culture | Paul A. Cantor - YouTube
Commerce and Culture, Lecture 1: The Economic Basis of Culture | Paul A. Cantor - YouTube
Rightward Bound
  • Rightward Bound

  • Transparency and Inter Press Service; Bruce Schulman, a professor of history at Boston University; P...

Calculus Regions Bound by Several Curves
Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound 3/3 (Lecture 16) - YouTube

     Related Hubpages

  •  Doc. Url:    Embed Code: 

  • PubMed  status
    (0) (0 Votes)
    Views: ()   Date: (2004-4-2)   Pages: ()
  • Author:  D J Stein  

  • Abstract:  BACKGROUND: 'Amafufunyana' and 'ukuthwasa' are two culture-specific descriptive terms used by Xhosa traditional healers to explain aberrant behavioral and psychological phenomena. Some overlap between these conditions and schizophrenia (DSM-IV) is apparent. The aim of this study was to determine the extent to which amafufunyana and ukuthwasa were used as cultural explanatory models by traditional healers for DSM-IV-defined schizophrenia and whether there were significant phenomenological differences in schizophrenia symptoms in patients with the diagnosis of amafufunyana rather than ukuthwasa. SAMPLING AND METHODS: Xhosa patients with schizophrenia underwent a structured clinical diagnostic interview (Diagnostic Interview for Genetic Studies). The use of traditional diagnostic and treatment methods was assessed by structured open-ended interviewer-rated questions. The sample was then stratified for the presence/absence of a past/current diagnosis of amafufunyana and/or ukuthwasa. The clinical parameters were compared across groups by means of the chi2 or Student t tests. RESULTS: 247 adult subjects participated in the study. 106 (53%) patients reported a previous diagnosis of amafufunyana, and 9 (4.5%) reported a diagnosis of ukuthwasa. A family history of schizophrenia (p = 0.004) or any psychiatric disorder (p = 0.008) was more common in the ukuthwasa group. Subjects with a primary diagnosis other than amafufunyana or ukuthwasa were more likely to be married (p = 0.004), to have a history of stressor(s) prior to illness onset (p = 0.026), to be from a rural environment (p = 0.007) or to have a history of cannabis abuse/dependency (p = 0.015). CONCLUSION: The culture-bound syndrome amafufunyana and the culture-specific phenomenon of ukuthwasa are both used to explain symptoms in patients with schizophrenia (DSM-IV). Identification of cases as amafufunyana and ukuthwasa may correlate with a distinction between familial and sporadic cases of schizophrenia. Whether the positive connotations associated with ukuthwasa, as opposed to the more negative connotations associated with amafufunyana, hold any implications for the treatment or prognosis of schizophrenia remains to be clarified.

     Related Documents

         Related Groups

           Related Science News

             More on Sciencestage

               Answers

                 News

                   Related on Youtube Results
            • How To Ride In A Group - Group Riding Etiquette
              How To Ride In A Group - Group Riding Etiquette There are a number of unwritten rules for riding in a group to ensure you're safe and welcome on group rides. Follow GCN on YouTube: http://gcn.eu/SubscribeToGCN Make sure you treat others... From: Global Cycling Network Views: 301 64 ratings Time: 03:07 More in Sports
            • MILLEBALLE - Andrea Cecconi M5S risponde a Matteo Renzi
              MILLEBALLE - Andrea Cecconi M5S risponde a Matteo Renzi http://www.beppegrillo.it/la_cosa/ 16 Settembre - Dopo il discorso di Renzi, Andrea Cecconi M5S risponde con un intervento che è già storia! MILLEBALLE http://www.beppegrillo.it/la_cosa/2014/09/... From: La Cosa Views: 41 9 ratings Time: 09:48 More in News & Politics
            • Submitting a Patch to Gerrit Featuring XplodWild
              Submitting a Patch to Gerrit Featuring XplodWild Not every developer specializes in every area of development. Our own Adam Outler generally uses Subversion for his development projects. Most kernel and ROM developers use Git. So he was a... From: xdadevelopers Views: 90 8 ratings Time: 09:42 More in Science & Technology
            • Stevie Wonder a Technology Early Adopter
              Stevie Wonder a Technology Early Adopter Stevie Wonder says he's always kept up to date with new technology. The 64-year-old soul-pop singer-songwriter -- preparing for a fall North American tour -- says he approves of tech-savvy... From: Associated Press Views: 53 2 ratings Time: 02:22 More in News & Politics
            • Vallaud-Belkacem estime qu'on a "trop parlé" des frondeurs
              Vallaud-Belkacem estime qu'on a "trop parlé" des frondeurs Toute l'actualité sur http://www.bfmtv.com/ Jean-Jacques Bourdin recevait mercredi matin sur BFMTV et RMC Najat Vallaud-Belkacem. Interrogée sur les frondeurs, la ministre de l'Education... From: BFMTV Views: 59 4 ratings Time: 01:42 More in News & Politics
            • Obama sends troops to West Africa in a 'war' against Ebola outbreak
              Obama sends troops to West Africa in a 'war' against Ebola outbreak US President Barack Obama has described the West Africa Ebola outbreak as spiraling out of control. Following a meeting with top US public health officials the president announced several... From: euronews (in English) Views: 152 7 ratings Time: 01:22 More in News & Politics
            • Craig Ferguson Used to Be in a Band with Doctor Who - Late Night with Seth Meyers
              Craig Ferguson Used to Be in a Band with Doctor Who - Late Night with Seth Meyers Craig Ferguson and Doctor Who's Peter Capaldi were in the raucous Dreamboys back in the day. » Subscribe to Late Night: http://bit.ly/LateNightSeth » Get more Late Night with Seth Meyers:... From: Late Night with Seth Meyers Views: 2348 122 ratings Time: 03:54 More in Comedy
            • A royal feast for Daawat-e-Ishq stars
              A royal feast for Daawat-e-Ishq stars The first two days of the Food Yatra saw the effervescent young stars of Daawat-e-Ishq Parineeti Chopra and Aditya Roy Kapur regale their tastebuds with contrasting cuisines. A hearty breakfast... From: NDTV Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 16:14 More in Entertainment
            • EE.UU.: ciudadanos se oponen a enviar tropas a Irak y Siria
              EE.UU.: ciudadanos se oponen a enviar tropas a Irak y Siria Miles de estadounidenses rechazan la nueva estrategia injerencista por parte de EE.UU. en Medio Oriente, esta vez bajo el pretexto de luchar contra el DAESH cuyos santuarios se encuentran en... From: teleSUR tv Views: 26 0 ratings Time: 05:09 More in News & Politics
            • Desmond crushes a two-run homer to left
              Desmond crushes a two-run homer to left Ian Desmond hits a long two-run homer to left, his 23rd of the season, to give the Nationals a 2-0 lead Check out http://m.mlb.com/video for our full archive of videos, and subscribe on YouTube... From: MLB Views: 6 0 ratings Time: 01:02 More in Sports
            • Неуловимая девчонка на мотоцикле против мусора! Elusive girl on a motorcycle against debris !!!
              Неуловимая девчонка на мотоцикле против мусора! Elusive girl on a motorcycle against debris !!! Who's wearing leather litter Russia watcher? Female motorcyclist driving to confront those who drop litter with a taste of their own medicine goes viral When it comes to cleaning the streets,... From: Shazzy Mazzy3 Views: 8244 89 ratings Time: 04:01 More in Nonprofits & Activism
            • More Revelations On Vikings Adrian Peterson’s History As A Child Abuser
              More Revelations On Vikings Adrian Peterson’s History As A Child Abuser "Just hours after Minnesota Vikings running back Adrian Peterson apologized for injuring one 4-year-old son, KHOU-TV in Houston reported that he has also been accused of injuring another 4-year-old... From: The Young Turks Views: 17534 590 ratings Time: 06:10 More in News & Politics
            • A Nightmare at Freddy's Place (Murder: Garry's Mod - Part 56)
              A Nightmare at Freddy's Place (Murder: Garry's Mod - Part 56) Garry's Mod Murder is seen as a Faster version of Trouble in Terrorist Town. With that being said...who the hell do I trust?! It's time for...Murder Leave a Rating for more! You Can Subscribe... From: CriousGamers Views: 30733 1572 ratings Time: 07:30 More in Gaming
            • Jefe de Estado garantiza a las Comunas acceso a divisas por convenios con Corpovex
              Jefe de Estado garantiza a las Comunas acceso a divisas por convenios con Corpovex "El Safonapp debe firmar convenio con Corpovex y Consejo Presidencial de Comunas", expresó el Presidente, Nicolás Maduro, como parte de la tranferencia de mayor decisiones al poder popular.... From: MultimedioVTV Views: 14 1 ratings Time: 02:09 More in News & Politics
            • Fan makes a great catch while on the phone
              Fan makes a great catch while on the phone A fan for the Red Sox showcases some talent by simultaneously snaring a foul ball while chatting on his cell phone Check out http://m.mlb.com/video for our full archive of videos, and subscribe... From: MLB Views: 9 1 ratings Time: 01:35 More in Sports
            • Guatemala, a 8 meses de que Pérez Molina deje la Presidencia
              Guatemala, a 8 meses de que Pérez Molina deje la Presidencia A sólo ocho meses de las próximas elecciones presidenciales de Guatemala, diversos sectores afirman que no se logró erradicar problemas estructurales de la nación, tal como prometió el... From: teleSUR tv Views: 4 0 ratings Time: 02:30 More in News & Politics
            • 16 de SEP. Cristina Fernández visitó el Monumento a Néstor Kirchner.
              16 de SEP. Cristina Fernández visitó el Monumento a Néstor Kirchner. 16 de septiembre de 2014, Formosa: Luego del acto ofrecido en Formosa, y antes de emprender su regreso a Buenos Aires, la Presidenta de la Nación visitó en la ciudad capital de Formosa, acompaña... From: casarosada Views: 186 0 ratings Time: 01:20 More in News & Politics
            • Huh? GOP Governor Accuses *Obama* Of Being A "Science Denier?"
              Huh? GOP Governor Accuses *Obama* Of Being A "Science Denier?" "Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal paid a visit to Washington, D.C. this week to roll out his national energy policy blueprint. "At a breakfast for reporters Tuesday hosted by the Christian Science... From: The Young Turks Views: 22973 796 ratings Time: 07:22 More in News & Politics
            • "SNIPING FUN!" - Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3 - LIVE w/ Ali-A! (COD MW3)
              "SNIPING FUN!" - Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3 - LIVE w/ Ali-A! (COD MW3) Ali-A sniping on Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3 - ENJOY! :D ▻ Classic COD 4 LIVE - http://youtu.be/iieq9KcjLAw ○ MORE Modern Warfare 3 - http://youtu.be/Y59cf90fPoM Lots of you wanted... From: Ali-A Views: 135962 9665 ratings Time: 06:00 More in Gaming
            • PS4 - Destiny - A Tale of Guude n Pause: Moon (E4)
              PS4 - Destiny - A Tale of Guude n Pause: Moon (E4) Destiny is a FPS MMO Game for PS4/XBox that was just released. Pause and I have been looking forward to it and are going to tackle this adventure together. Pause: http://www.youtube.com/PauseUnpause. From: GuudeBoulderfist Views: 5823 447 ratings Time: 28:18 More in Gaming
            • Gridiron Kicks: A Video Recap of Week 2′s Top NFL Cleats
              Gridiron Kicks: A Video Recap of Week 2′s Top NFL Cleats With week two of the NFL season coming to a close, many NFL stars brought out some elaborate footwear over the weekend. Check out more as we provide you the latest edition of Gridiron Kicks. From: nicekicks Views: 968 212 ratings Time: 02:59 More in Sports
            • Miley Cyrus Ruins A Led Zeppelin Song!
              Miley Cyrus Ruins A Led Zeppelin Song! Reviews include, “When my dog farts it sounds better than this.” From: TMZ Views: 28339 516 ratings Time: 01:46 More in Entertainment
            • La NASA presenta a sus operadores de taxis espaciales
              La NASA presenta a sus operadores de taxis espaciales La NASA se asociará con las empresas Boeing y SpaceX para construir taxis espaciales privados y comerciales para llevar a astronautas a la Estación Espacial Internacional, dijo el senador... From: RT en Español Views: 403 44 ratings Time: 02:47 More in News & Politics
            • Dr. Oz and Dr. LaPook on the Importance of a Colonoscopy
              Dr. Oz and Dr. LaPook on the Importance of a Colonoscopy Dr. LaPook, performed a routine colonoscopy on Dr. Oz four years ago that found an adenomatous polyp, it presented a teachable moment. The procedure became a feature on The Dr. Oz Show and... From: The Hollywood Reporter Views: 65 3 ratings Time: 02:42 More in Entertainment
            • Ryan Gosling & Eva Mendes ... We Just Had A Baby!
              Ryan Gosling & Eva Mendes ... We Just Had A Baby! Ryan Gosling and Eva Mendes are now the proud parents of a baby girl -- which is damn near miraculous, considering they denied she was pregnant all along. From: TMZ Views: 29477 608 ratings Time: 02:07 More in Entertainment

            •      Related on Wikipedia




























                 

                Powered free by PHPmotion